These days with the advancement in health care and medical sciences, doctors and scientists have found cure for almost all the diseases known to man. But still, we haven’t found cure some of the worst and deadly diseases. The following list is about the incurable diseases man can get!
Incurable Diseases In The World
6. Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease:
CJD or Creutzfeldt Jakob’s disease has been listed as a fatal but rare degenerating disease of the CNS or central nervous system. Creutzfeldt Jakob’s occurs through out the world at a rate of incidence of 1 in a million. Among specific population like the Libyan Jews incidence rate is somewhat higher. Creutzfeldt Jakob’s occurs commonly in adults aged between 50 and 70, though young adults had been afflicted by the disease.
Women and men are impacted equally. Disease onset is invariably identified by vague behavioral or psychiatric changes followed within months or weeks by progressive dementia which is accompanied by involuntary movements and abnormal vision. No cure has been discovered for the disease which usually kills within 12 months of the start of its symptoms.
The malady was described first in 1920s by German neurologists, Alfons Jakob and Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt. Creutzfeldt Jakob’s can be compared to other neuro degenerative diseases like kuru affecting humans and scrapie, affecting goats and sheep. All 3 diseases are kinds of spongiform transmissible encephalopathy so termed due to characteristic sponge like pattern with neuronal destruction which results in brain tissue getting damaged.
Diabetes is carbohydrate metabolic disorder marked by our body’s impaired ability to respond or produce insulin and there by maintain a balanced level of blood sugar (glucose).
There are 2 major types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes previously referred to as IDDM or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and juvenile diabetes which occurs during child hood. It is an auto immune disorder in which the immune system of the person affected by diabetes produces anti-bodies that destroy the beta cells or insulin producing cells. As the body is unable to produce insulin, injections of the hormone are needed every day.
Type 2 diabetes, previously called NIDDM or non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and adult diabetes which occurs beyond 45 years of age and tends to become more common with increase in age. It results from either reduced responsiveness of certain cells of the body to insulin or sluggish secretion of insulin by the pancreas. It is interlinked with obesity and genetics, of note upper torso obesity. People affected by type 2 diabetes could control blood sugar levels through exercise and diet and if need be taking oral medications or insulin injections.
Also Read: Why Am I Not Losing Weight? Top 6 Reasons
The acronym AIDS denotes acquired immuno deficiency syndrome which is a transmittable disease of our immune system caused by HIV or the human immunodeficiency virus. The human immunodeficiency virus gradually attacks & destroys our body’s immune system, which is the primary defence against infection making a person vulnerable to diverse infections and specific malignancies which eventually result in death. AIDS is the final phase of a HIV infection at which time serious infections frequently occur.
Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immuno deficiency syndrome spread to pandemic proportions during 1980, specifically in Africa where the disease is believed to have originated from. The transmission was probably facilitated by various factors including long distance travel in Africa, increasing urbanization, changing sexual habits, international travel, and indiscriminate intravenous drug use.
According to United Nations 2012 report on acquired immuno deficiency syndrome, some 45 million people are living with human immunodeficiency virus, approximately 8 million people get infected in a year, and about 5 million people every year die from AIDS. Some 30 million people have died of AIDS since 1980.
Asthma is a chronic lung disease in which airways get inflamed and tend to constrict causing episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and coughing that vary in severity from mild to moderate to life threatening. Airways which become Inflamed become hyper sensitive to diverse stimuli including animal dander, dust mites, air pollution, pollen, cigarette smoke, medications, exercise and weather conditions. Stress can aggravate symptoms.
Asthmatic episodes can start abruptly or might even take days before developing. Though an initial episode can happen at any age, half of asthmatic cases occur in people younger than 12 years of age with boys being impacted more than girls. Among grown ups however the rate of incidence of asthma is more or less equal in women and men. When asthma develops in child hood, it is associated often with the inherent susceptibility to pollen, allergens, animal dander or dust mites that may trigger an allergic reaction.
Asthma in adults may also develop in response to allergens, but aspirin, viral infection, or strenuous exercise might trigger an episode. Adults who are afflicted by asthma might have sinusitis or nasal polyps.
The term cancer denotes a group of 100 or more distinct diseases marked by uncontrolled abnormal cell growth in our body. Cancer hits 1 in every 5 people born in developed countries and is a dominant cause of death in the world.
Though cancer has been documented since antiquity, advanced improvements in treatment of cancer have been made since mid 20th century, mainly through a combination of selective surgery, timely and accurate diagnosis, chemotherapeutic drugs, and radiation therapy. Such improvements have resulted in a decrease in cancer fatalities in developed countries. Grounds for future optimism are evident from laboratory investigations into identifying the mechanism and causes of cancer.
On account of continuing developments in genetics, cell biology, and biotechnology, researchers now have a basic understanding of what is wrong with a cancer cell. In someone who has developed cancer these findings and gains are being converted for medical improvement in terms of diagnosis, prevention, and timely treatment of the disease.
1. The Common Cold:
Common cold is a viral acute infection that begins from the upper respiratory tracts, some times spreading to the lower tracts and might result in secondary infections in the middle ear or eyes. More than 100 pathogenic species have been found to cause common cold including influenza, parainfluenza, reoviruses and respiratory syncytial viruses. Rhino viruses are the most documented cause.
The term common cold refers to a feeling of chilliness when exposed to cold that forms part of the beginning of symptoms. The feeling of chillness was believed to have cause and effect relation with this illness, but this has now been disproved. The cold is transmitted by exposure to people already infected, and not from cold feet, cold environment, getting wet or drafts.
People can harbor the virus and transmit it without experiencing symptoms. Incubation is usually short, invariably 1 to 4 days. The virus starts spreading from an infected individual before symptoms show up and the spread attains its peak at the symptomatic phase.
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