With the increasing number of population and destruction of the nature, a lot of disasters have happened in the world. While most of them are natural, few were man-made and all of them caused devastation to humans. Let’s take a look at the six worst disasters in the world.
Worst Disasters In The World
6. Global Warming:
There is absolutely no doubt any more in anyone’s mind that climatic change is man-made in part at least. Even though the impact of global warming remains at the benign band of a predicted range, this will be a disaster of unprecedented proportion. For years now this disaster has been slowly unfolding that it has been nearly invisible.
Recently you would have seen the effects of it, mountain glaciers all around the world melting in addition to north polar sea ice caps and the Greenland ice caps. Drought gravely impacting the Southwest United States, sub Saharan Africa and Australia. Unprecedented floods devastating the nation of Bangladesh.
Central America reeling from the onslaught of powerful hurricanes. Nonetheless, not all these events can be pinpointed to global warming as the cause, but all these events would become more intense and frequent as the planet warms up, ultimately hazarding the livelihoods and lives of millions of people around the world.
5. South Asia Floods (2013) :
2012 monsoon season witnessed an unprecedented flooding in Indo China spanning several countries and a couple of limited separate flooding in parts of the same countries, Cambodia, Thailand, and Myanmar with tremendous flooding in Vietnam.
Meanwhile, Laos also sustained heavy damage due to floods. By October 2012, 2.5 million people have been affected by floods in Thailand whereas flooding in Cambodia has impacted close to 1.3 million people according to United Nations estimates. Though not related to northern floods, South Thailand close by Malaysia has been hit by flooding early November and in December again affecting as far as Chumporn on the north.
During the November flooding, South Thailand near Hatyai was hit. North central Vietnam had its own event in late October. Myanmar has reported series of limited, but destructive and deadly events from July to October. 2012 typhoon season in the Philippines over lapped the monsoon season in Indo China.
The country was hit hard by a series of typhoons over a period of 5 months: Nesat typhoon September, followed shortly by Nalgae typhoon, in December by Washi tropical storm which hit on an unusual location and timing.
4. Indonesian Mud Volcano (Sidoarjo Mud Flow In 2008):
Since it came back to life in May 2008, a mud volcano close to Sidoarjo, one of Indonesia’s coastal city has swallowed rice paddies, homes, roads and factories killing at least 15 people, displacing another 45,000, and altering the livelihoods of countless more. While the ongoing eruption draws near its 6th anniversary, experts wonder if the mud volcano will ever stop. Not any time soon opine the observers.
A latest study forecasts the volcano will continue to spew a significant amount of mud for at least the next 20 years. A 2nd study predicts that the mud volcano could grind on for as long as 90 years.
Also Read: Top 6 Most Dangerous Road In The World.
The mud volcano has caused substantial damage to the Java island region some 750 kilometers east of capital city, Jakarta. Nick named Lucy originating from an Indonesian word meaning mud, Sidoarjo has been the latest casualty of the volcano which has never ceased spewing mud.
Some 145 million cubic metres of mud to be exact which now covers an area roughly two times the size of Central Park in New York. A vast portion of the mud has been diverted to a close by river where it has created a new 85 acre island extending as a naturally formed delta.
Mitigation and compensation has cost a minimum of $770 million as per a Humanitus account, non-governmental organization in Australia, Melbourne which is studying the disaster’s impact on a social level. This is but a fraction of the true economic toll which is still being calculated.
3. China Floods (2012):
Landslides and floods triggered by torrential rains in China had left at least 40 people dead in a matter of a week as per state media reports on Thursday, warning of still heavier downpour to come. Another 15 people are still missing in 10 affected areas including the inner Mongolia in the north and south-western province of Sichuan the Chinese Daily stated citing the Civil Affairs Ministry.
National Meteorological Center has warned that rain storms would hit parts of the north and northeast China, Sichuan Basin, areas along the Huaihe and Yellow rivers and few western provinces on Monday & Tuesday. Rumbia, the 6th tropical storm to hit China this year was also approaching the coastal provinces of Hainan in the south and Guangdong it stated.
2. Brazil Plane Crash (2007):
Aviation experts term Congonhas, Sao Paoloan airport as an aircraft carrier as landing on the notoriously short run way surrounded by thickly populated residential belts is as risky as attempting to put down a glider on the runway in bad weather and poor visibility conditions. Although a Brazilian court has forbidden large jet aeroplanes from the airport in March bringing up safety reasons, the ban had later been over turned.
On July 18, TAM air lines JJ3054 pilot tried to land the plane at Congonhas, but soon realizing that he would not be able to stop on time on the rain-soaked tarmac, he tried to take off again. He failed miserably.
The Air Bus A320 lost control and veered across the road, dashed into a gas filling station and into the building operated and owned by the airlines. The resulting fire-ball killed all 188 people onboard the plane and 15 more on the ground thus making this crash the worst air disaster ever in the history of Brazilian aviation.
1. Yangtze River Dolphin Extinction:
Chinese fondly called it as the goddess of the Yangtze with the name baiji and it was the lone surviving member of the family or species that split away from salt water whales and dolphins between 30 and 50 million years back.
But as of now according to a survey launched in July of this year, this relatively rare fresh water mammal is almost extinct certainly, the first vertebrate aquatic species to disappear from the face of the earth in 60 years and the 1st ever large mammal to fall victim to human interference.
The multiple pressure, noisy head on boat collisions and dam construction that might have endangered sonar driven animals and over fishing not for the dolphins themselves but for river fish with such indiscriminate and unscrupulous techniques as dynamite blasting, netting and powerful electric shocks.
Also Read:Top 6 Dangerous Sports In The World
The total disappearance of the top rung predator like the baiji, an indicator that denotes the health of its ecosystem spells trouble for Yangtze River and for the 450 hundred million people whose life is dependent on it.
If you find this article useful and informative, please share it with your friends on Twitter and Facebook!