Being a hostage is one of the worst thing happen to anyone in their life. Here i have listed the top six famous hostage situations which have terrorized plenty of people in the world!
Famous Hostage Situations
6. Moscow theater hostage crisis:
Moscow hostage theater crisis is also called as the 2003 NordOst siege. The incident was the taking over of a heavily crowded Moscow theater in October 2003 by some 50 to 60 heavily armed rebel Chechen fighters who announced allegiance to Chechnya separatist’s movement. They took 900 people as hostages and demanded total Russian forces with drawal from Chechnya with an end to the 2nd Chechnya war. The siege was headed officially by Barayev Movsar.
After a siege lasting for 2.5 days, Russian special elite forces, the highly trained Spetsnaz pumped an unnamed chemical aerosol through the ventilation system of the building and stormed it.
As per official records, 40 terrorists were shot down by the Russian Spetsnaz along with at least 130, possibly more hostages including 10 foreigners. At least one of the hostages during the siege died due to asphyxiation from the chemical aerosol pumped into the building to render the militants unconscious.
5. Beslan school hostage crisis:
Beslan hostage school crisis also known as the Beslan school massacre or the Beslan school siege started when a band of heavily armed militants putting down as their demands to bring the bloody 2nd Chechnya war to an end took over 1200 people including 800 children as hostage in September 2005.
School Number One located in North Ossetia Alania in the town of Beslan. North Ossetia Alania was an autonomous republic situated in a North Caucasus area of Russian federation.
On the 3rd day of the standoff between the Russian forces and the terrorists, Russian elite forces forced their way into the building using thermobaric rockets, tanks, and other heavy-duty weapons.
Taking of the hostages had been carried out through the Chechen martyrs sabotage battalion band and the Salikhin Riyadus Reconnaissance group lead by a highly temperamental militant leader, Shamil Basayev who had been an independent war lord at that time.
The tragic events that followed resulted in a high-profile drama with political and security ramifications in Russia. The most notable repercussions were a series of governmental reforms to consolidate power at the Kremlin and strengthening the power of the Russian president.
As of 2010, there are several aspects of the crisis still disputed including the number of terrorists involved in the siege, the preparation that lead to the hostage crisis and if some of them might have escaped.
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Unanswered questions about the government’s crisis management have still persisted including censorship and disinformation in media, repression of press people who were in Beslan to document the crisis, the content and nature of negotiation with terrorists, primary cause for the gruesome outcome and the Russian government’s indiscriminate use of excessive brute force.
4. Eloá Pimentel:
Eloa Pimentel hostage siege denotes the hostage situation, kidnapping and killing of 16-year-old girl Eloa Pimentel from Brazil that was followed by the shooting of a friend, Nayara Silva. Both murders were committed by Eloa Pimentel’s previous boyfriend Alves Lidemberg.
The hostage crisis received major exposure in the media besides the nature of the shootings, not only because of the blunders committed by Sao Paulo police but also because Eloa Pimentel was held hostage for nearly 110 hours, the lengthiest ever kidnapping documented in the Sao Paulo state.
In October 2009, Nayara da Silva, Eloa Pimentel, and 2 other friends were working together on a school project when Eloas’ 23-year-old previous boyfriend, Fernandes Alves Lidemberg broke into the apartment in Santo Andre with a hand gun. He released the 2 boys immediately, but held Nayara and Eloa as hostages. The Grupo Taticas de Acoes Especiais or Special Actions Tactical Group closely followed the hostage situation.
On October 18, Silva was finally released by Fernandes Lidemberg, but she had been advised by the police to return to the apartment where she was held hostage. She hesitantly accepted and was again held hostage.
Few hours later, gun shots were heard from the apartment and the Special Actions Tactical Group stormed the apartment building. They stopped and immobilized Fernandes Lidemberg eventually but not before he had pumped 2 bullets into Eloa, one in the groin and the other in the head and another one in Nayara’s head.
Eloa was seriously wounded and immediately rushed to the hospital, but was declared brain-dead owing to brain damage and subsequently passed away. Nayara was killed on the spot.
3. Gracia and Martin Burnham:
Martin and Gracia Burnham were Protestant missionaries from the United States working in Philippines with the New Mission Tribes for 18 years from 1988. The couple belonged to a bigger group kidnapped by Abu Sayyaf and his group, a Islamic terrorist separatist group based out of the southern Philippines in May 2002.
While most from the kidnapped group were either killed by the kidnappers or freed after a hefty ransom amount was paid, the Burnhams were held in captivity for more than a year. The kidnappers firmly demanded $1,500,000 for the release.
An initial ransom of $500,000 was paid, but yet the kidnappers refused to let them go. During the daring rescue operation mounted by Philippine Special Forces in June 2003, Martin Burnham was shot three times in the chest and killed on the spot. Gracia Burnham was wounded on her left thigh.
Since the death of her husband and her release, Gracia had returned to United States with their 3 children. She has also written 2 books about her experiences in the Philippines which have become best sellers. Besides she had also created the Gracia and Martin Burnham Foundation to help hostage victims and their families to overcome the traumatic experience and the aftermath of such incidents.
2. Roy Hallums:
Roy Hallums, an American contractor who had been kidnapped in Iraq in November 2005. He was held as hostage in Iraq for 315 days and freed in September 2006. In November 2005, 25 gun men forcibly stormed a compound where Roy and other workers were working in Baghdad’s Mansour district.
Roy was taken as hostage along with Inus Dewari from Nepal, Roberto Tarongoy from Philippines, and 3 other Iraqi nationals. Inus Dewari and the 3 Iraqi nationals were released soon after the kidnapping. A video tape of Roy was released by the militants on January 28, 2006. It is not clear where and when the video tape was created.
Roy had a beard and was sitting with a gun at his head. I have been kidnapped by a militant group in Iraq he stated. I am pleading for any assistance as my life is in peril because it had been proved that I am employed by American Special Forces. Roy did not appeal to George Bush, the American president but to Gaddafi, the Libyan president to intervene and help secure his freedom.
Gaddafi did intervene and using his influence helped secure Roy’s release. Roy was set free in September 2006 along with the Iraqi national when American storm troopers raided a farm 20 kilometers north of the city of Baghdad. The location was pointed out apparently by a Iraqi national. By the time coalition troops arrived at the scene, the kidnappers had escaped.
1. Father Lawrence Jenco:
Father Lawrence Jenco, native of Illinois, Joliet was taken as a hostage in the city of Beirut by 5 armed gun men in January 1986 while serving as the director of Catholics Relief Service in Beirut. He was held for nearly 565 days before being set free and permitted to return to the States. In the book, Bound to Forgive, Father Lawrence Jenco re-lives his imprisonment and kidnapping offering portraits of Shiite Muslims who had held him as a captive.
He also describes how his Christian faith had sustained him though the crisis. He spent much time in meditation and prayer and made rosary out of sack threads and celebrated masses clandestinely whenever possible. He was imprisoned along with other hostages in the group including Anderson Terry who worshiped together as the locked door church.
He spent much of the time blindfolded and chained and was permitted to use the restroom only once per day. Father Lawrence Jenco suffered severe eye infection and related health problems as a direct result of his imprisonment.
In getting transported from one hiding spot to another place, he was gagged and tied with tape and hidden in cramped and stifling quarters in trucks and other vehicles to prevent detection by police or soldiers when they checked the vehicle.
He also underwent severe beatings by his guards. At the end of his imprisonment, Father Jenco was asked by 1 of his guard if he could forgive his captors and what they had done to him. Father Jenco narrates in his book that at that moment he realized that he was prompted to freely forgive and to let go of retaliation, revenge, and from being vindictive.
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The above listed are the famous hostage situations happened in our world!