If you are of the opinion that the world’s best and greatest inventions originated from the creative and innovative thinking minds of intellectuals and geniuses, then you better change your opinion. As you browse the list of top 6 greatest inventions that changed the world, do take note of how many had perfectly working and operational designs.
Top Inventions That Changed The World
Perhaps it is unreasonable to club the radio, telegraph, telephone and television in to 1 invention, but the growth and development of communications technology has been a continuity of enhanced flexibility and utility since Morse had invented the electric telegraph in 1837.
The telephone is a simple refinement of the same concept permitting actual voice communication to be transmitted over copper wires rather than just beeps that spelt out text using the Morse code. These earlier communication methodologies were restricted to point to point and needed extensive infra structure of wires to operate smoothly.
Sending signals wirelessly utilizing electro magnetic waves was a concept worked upon by several inventors all over the world, but Tesla and Marconi made it quite popular in early twentieth century.
Subsequently sound was able to be sent wirelessly while inventors slowly perfected the sending of images. Television and radio were new milestones in communication technology because they permitted a single broadcaster to transmit messages to millions of recipients all over the world provided they were equipped with receivers.
5. Steam Engine:
Before the invention of a steam engine, the majority of products were hand-made. Draft animals and water wheels offered the only industrial power available which had its own merits and demerits. The industrial revolution that is may be the greatest change to happen over a short period of time in the history of human civilization surged ahead with the invention of the steam engine.
The novel idea of utilizing steam to operate machines has been around for many years, but Newcomen’s invention in 1713 was the first ever to tap that power for human use which was to pump out water from mines. In 1770, James Watt slightly altered a Newcomen machine by adding an individual condenser, which greatly enhanced the engine’s performance thus making it a far better practical method to extract work.
James Watt also developed a new method for the steam engine for inducing rotary motion which was equally important for the maximum efficiency gain. James Watt is popularly regarded to be the inventor of steam engine.
The original Newcomen and then later on the modified Watt engine actually utilized vacuum of the condensing steam to drive pistons and not pressure from the steam’s expansion. This rendered the engine bulky.
Hence it had been the high pressure engine developed by Trevithick et al that allowed for manufacture of steam engines compact and small enough to operate a locomotive. The steam engine not only powered factories that made fast production of goods a reality, but also powered steam ships and trains used to carry those goods all over the world.
The steam engine was a gem of an invention that ushered in and revolutionized the industrial age. Its counterpart the invention of the automobile ushered in the era of motorized travel all over the world. Although concepts for personal vehicles were around for many years, Karl Benz 1886 Motor wagen powered by the internal combustion engine, a revolutionary design ahead of its time is widely regarded the world’s first automotive.
The enhancements brought in by Henry Ford at the production phase and some clever marketing strategies, brought the price and aspiration for owning an automobile within the reach of the American populace. Europe followed suit.
The automobile’s impact on culture, society and commerce cannot be undermined. We can jump in our automobile and travel where ever we want and whenever we want effortlessly made possible by the contribution of engineering pioneers and stalwarts like Karl Benz and Henry Ford.
Most of the important cities around the world are designed and constructed around automobile access points with parking lots and paved roads taking up a huge chunk of space and even a bigger chunk of the government’s budget. The automotive industry has spearheaded phenomenal economic growth world-wide, but on the down side generated a lot of undesirable pollution with a negative impact on the environment.
3. Light bulb:
Each and every invention that we have seen so far has been constructed by incrementally improving previous designs and the individual associated with the invention is the first person to make it commercially feasible. This is the case with a light bulb.
We think immediately of Edison as the inventor of the light bulb, but numerous individuals had been working with similar concepts in the 1880s when Edison first developed the incandescent bulb. Swan was working on a similar concept in the United Kingdom at that time and subsequently the 2 inventors forged their ideas and product into one organization, Ediswan.
The incandescent bulb worked by passing current through a wire possessing high resistance called as the filament. The energy produced by the resistance is given out as light and heat. The glass bulb encloses the filament in an inert gas or vacuum effectively preventing combustion.
A computer is a device which takes in information with the ability to manipulate the same and output completely new information. As a matter of fact, there is no single inventor of the modern personal computer, though the concepts from British mathematician Turing are regarded as truly influential in the computing industry.
Computing mechanical devices had been in existence in 1810s, although electronic computers had been invented only in the early part of the 20th century. Computers have the capability to make complex mathematical calculations at an extremely high-speed. When they are operated via the instruction of talented and highly skilled programmers, computers can accomplish spectacular things.
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The latest highly efficient military aircraft would not be able to fly without computerized adjustments constantly to flight controls. Computers were used to perform sequencing of human genome, put space craft in to orbit, control medical equipment and create the complex graphical imagery utilized in video games and movies.
The Internet is a network of computers covering the length and breadth of our planet permitting people to access any information from anywhere in the world at any given time. Its impact on communication, business, entertainment, economy and politics are indeed profound. The Internet might not have revolutionized the world as much as the invention of the plow but we can put it on par with the steam engine or automotive.
The Defense Research Advanced Agency Project, the development and research wing of the United States military created the ARPANET in the 1970s. This was in essence the conception of Internet. It took nearly 10 or more years for other similar networks on the planet to adopt this new protocol thus making Internet truly global.
The Internet is a powerful invention the impact of which as witnessed by us is only the tip of the iceberg. The capability to re-combine and re-permute information with high-efficiency could expedite the pace at which future world-changing inventions are created for the good of mankind.
These are the top six inventions that changed the world! Do share your thoughts and opinions about these inventions with us via comments.