Bones play a crucial role in our body. It support and protects our organs in many ways. Not only inside the body but it seems very useful at outside as well. They were much more useful at early days.
Before the invention of plastics, bones are a common material to manufactures certain tools and products. Still it is useful to create certain kinds of products. Let’s see in which ways the bones are used and how people creatively used them in the history.
We all know, the hard part of the bone is not edible; but the soft and fatty inner part of the bone is edible and it is called marrow. Several countries including India and Hungary have many dishes featuring the bone marrow. Some of the popular bone marrow dishes are:
Roasted Marrow Bones with Onion Marmalade and Grilled Country Bread
Bone Marrow Gratinee with Parsley, Shallots and Anchovy
Roasted Marrow with Sea Salt, Shaved Bonito and Teriyaki Sauce
Farm Burger, Atlanta
In many restaurants, they served the bone marrow as a soup. The bone marrow contains minerals, glucosamine, hydrophilic colloids, collagen, healthy fats etc. People say that; the bone marrows are good for teeth and helpful to treat bone disorders especially arthritis.
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The fossil department report that they were found some pre-historic animals in China and people used the “dragon bones” as a treatment for variety of illness which includes leg cramps, dysentery, dizziness, malaria and internal swellings.
In history, people used the animal bones to make a flute. The bird bones are especially popular for making flutes, since they are naturally hollow. A vulture bone flute was discovered in a European cave and it is the world’s old recognizable musical instrument.
The Geissenklosterle and Hohle Fels are the two stone age caves located in Germany. The flute fragments found at Geissenklosterle date to around 35,000 years ago and was made from the hollow wing bone of a griffon vulture and the Hohle Fels flute date to about 4,000 years ago and was made from swan wing bones.
3. Bone Meal:
In the mid-nineteenth century, the bone meal was used as a fertilizer. In some places like Texas, Abilene the buffalo bones are used as a fertilizer. Before 1900, the buffalo bone industry was supplanted by the cattle bones. Nowadays, the bone of the cows, sheep as well as pigs are used for bone meal.
The Bone Meals are two types:
- Finely Ground Bone Meal
- Coarser Ground Bone Meal
The finely ground bone meal may provide the quicker release of nutrients and the coarser ground bone meal release the nutrients slowly into the soil.
The bone meals are rich in phosphorous and calcium however deficient in nitrogen. So, the gardeners added the nitrogen rich manure along with bone meal to balance the deficiency (The blood meal is the good source of nitrogen).
In history, people made the weapons from the natural resources to protect and fed themselves. They made many kinds of knives from the splinters of a deer smashed leg bone.
The Apache people performed all their hunting with the bow and arrow. They used the jawbone of a buffalo, beer or a horse to make the weapon. The teeth were left in jaw, and sometimes even polished for aesthetic appeal.
Here are the few images of weapons made from animal bones:
Blue Marlin Bill Dager with Tiger Shark Teeth:
Bone Blade Knife:
Western Pacific Turtle Bone Axe:
Whale Bone War Club:
5. Bone Shovels:
Several bone shovels were created from pelvic bones of large animals and was used by the Cherokee people. These shovels were used as shoulder blades or scapulae. The bones of the animals were attached to a wooden sticks and used to dig the soil; it is especially helpful for agriculture.
Not only the Cherokee people, but also the Prehistoric people were used the shovels. Their shovels are made from the complete shoulder blades of an ox, pig or deer.
6. Construction of Shelter using animal bones:
The Upper Paleolithic hunter gatherers in central Europe used Mammoth bones to build a shelter. The mammoth was a huge elephant lived in such period; that stood ten feet tall as an adult. But it was died at the end of the Pleistocene period. During the late Pleistocene, the mammoths provided the building materials for houses along with the meat and skin.
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