Pregnancy is a wonderful time in any women’s life, but during that time many odd things are happened that makes the women to frighten. The following listed are the most terrifying pregnancy problems that can happen during the time of pregnancy.
Most Terrifying Pregnancy Problems
The Rh-Incompatibility occurs during pregnancy if a mother has Rh-negative blood and her baby has Rh-positive blood. The Rh represents a protein on RBC cells. If you have Rh factor you are Rh-positive; if you don’t have you are Rh-negative.
During pregnancy, especially at the time of delivery this Rh-factor is passed from parents to the children through the genes or vice versa. If you are Rh-negative and your child is Rh-positive then your body will react to the baby’s blood as a foreign substance.
Due to that your body will create the antibodies against the baby’s Rh-positive blood. It will never affect your first delivery because the baby will born before the antibodies develop in your body. But it will affect your second or later deliveries in case the baby is Rh-positive.
This is because, once the antibodies are formed inside your body during first delivery it will remain inside and will affect your later delivery incase you carry a Rh-negative baby. Those antibodies cross the placenta and attack the second baby’s red blood cells. In medical term, this condition is called as Hemolytic anemia in the baby.
It is the condition the Red Blood Cells (RBC) are destroyed faster than it is newly developed. Usually the RBC cells in the body are responsible for carrying oxygen to all parts of the body. If it destroyed faster, then the baby will not get enough oxygen to survive and due to that it will die eventually.
But don’t worry by proper screening and prenatal care you can avoid this problem. Once the doctor find out you are in such complication they will inject you a medicine called ‘Rh immune globulin’. This will prevent the creation of antibodies against your child.
If you are 35 years or older than that or have a history of genetic disorders or had a baby with birth defect in previous pregnancies your doctor will do an amniocentesis test at the time of pregnancy.
This test helps to find out the birth defects and genetic problems in the developing baby. At the time of amniocentesis test the health care provider inserts a long, thin needle through your belly and into the uterus. She will take a small amount of amniotic fluid from the sac surrounding the baby via that needle.
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Then the fluid will send to the laboratory to find out the genetic defects. This test is also helpful to determine how well your baby’s lungs are developed, is there any infection in the baby, is there any blood type mismatch between the child and mom (Rh-incompatibility).
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3. Placental Problems:
The placenta is an organ that grows in the womb alongside the fetus and provides oxygen, nutrition and other stuffs to the baby from the mother. During the time of pregnancy the placenta may cause two serious problems and it is called as placenta previa and placenta abruptio.
Usually at the time of pregnancy the placenta moves as the womb stretches and grow. It is very common for the placenta to be low in the uterus in early pregnancy, but as the pregnancy continues it must move to the top of the womb.
By the third trimester, the placenta should be near at the top of the uterus, so the cervix is open for delivery. But sometimes, the placenta partly or completely covers the cervix and this condition is called previa.
This condition is common among the women who have abnormal shaped uterus or many previous pregnancies or multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets etc) or scaring on the lining of the uterus due to history of surgery, c-section or abortion.
Women who smoke or have their children at an older age have higher risk for this problem.
It is the separation of the placenta from the inner wall of the uterus before the baby is delivered. In some cases, only portion of the placenta separates and in other cases it pulls away completely.
Due to this condition the child may die. Usually women having high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease have this risk.
The most common symptoms for both the condition is bleeding. The Placenta abruption causes painful contractions with bleeding while Placenta previa causes painful bleeding.
4. Gestational Diabetes:
Usually, the Gestational Diabetes occur in the pregnant women when the hormones from the placenta cause insulin resistance in the mother. The insulin resistance makes it hard for the mother’s body to use insulin. The Gestational pregnancy starts when the mother body is not able to make and use all the insulin it needs for pregnancy.
The untreated or poorly controlled gestational diabetes will affect your child. Because, when you have gestational diabetes your pancreas will work overtime to produce insulin. But the insulin does not lower your blood glucose levels and also it does not cross the placenta, the nutrients, oxygen and glucose can cross the placenta.
Due to that the blood glucose goes through the placenta and gives the baby high blood glucose levels. This causes the baby’s pancreas to produce extra insulin to get rid of the blood glucose. As a result, the baby gets more energy than it needs for its growth and development and the extra energy is stored as a fat in the baby body.
This condition is called macrosomia. Babies having this defect will have serious health problems like obesity, breathing trouble, type 2 diabetes etc.
5. Meconium Aspiration:
It happens when a baby breathes the amniotic fluid containing the meconium (the baby’s first stool). A meconium is a thick greenish-black liquid that is expelled into the amniotic fluid by the fetus when the water breaks.
When it mixes into the amniotic fluid, it is swallowed and breathed into the airways of the fetus. As the baby takes the first breath at delivery, the meconium particles enter into the airways and can be aspirated deep into the lungs.
It usually occurs in the babies which is born at the term (37 to 41 weeks) or post term (after 42 weeks). It causes the severe respiratory problems to the child after birth.
6. Melasma or Pregnancy Mask:
This is the common problem that occur during pregnancy. Some people call it as the mask of pregnancy. It frequently goes away after pregnancy.
It occurs when an increase in estrogen and progesterone throw your melanin receptors into overdrive, causing hyper-pigmentation. As a result, a dark, splotchy patches will appear on the body and face of the women especially on the cheeks and forehead.
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People with olive or darker skin, like Asian, Hispanic and Middle Eastern individuals have this Melasma. One of the common treatments for melasma is sun protection which means wearing sunscreen every day and reapplying the sunscreen every 2 hours.
What do you think about these most terrifying pregnancy problems? Do share your thoughts with us!