The mind is the most amazing part in our body – most of its activities and functions still remains as mystery. Science can illustrate the strange phenomena of the mind, but it can’t describe its origin. Many of us are familiar with one or two facts on the given below list, many others are mostly unknown outside of the psychological dimension.
Let’s see the top 6 phenomenon of a human mind at below.
Top Phenomena Of A Normal Human Mind
It is also called Déjà vu (French word) literally means “already seen”. The term was introduced by a German psychiatrist, Emil Kraepelin, in 1886 to denote the errors of memory.
Now, lets come to the phenomenon; What is called Déjà vu or Paramnesia?
It is the experience of being certain that you have seen or experienced previously in a new situation.
Say for example you are traveling to some new place for the first time and while enjoying suddenly you feel that same thing has already happened. Or maybe you are having a dinner with a group of friends, discussing some interesting topic, and you have the feeling that you have already experienced that moment in your life- the same friends, same place, same dinner.
Nearly 60% of the people reported that they have experienced some form of Déjà vu in their lifetime. It is quite common in 15-25 years old people than any other age group.
The Paramnesia has been strongly associated with temporal-lobe epilepsy. Many of the doctors said that; it may occur just prior to a temporal-lobe seizure. Individuals suffering a seizure of this kind can sense the paramnesia during the actual seizure activity or in the moments between the convulsions.
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Several psychoanalyst says that the Paramnesia is a simple fantasy or wish the fulfillment, while some says that it is a mismatching in the brain that causes the brain to mistake the present for the past. Still many parapsychologists believe it is related to a past-life experience.
The word is derived from the Greek word para, which means something wrong, instead of, and the noun eidōlon, which means form, image or shape.
Obviously, most of the people never heard about this term; but definitely nearly everyone has experienced it in their life.
Many people find human faces in the moon, Jesus face in the cloud, animal faces in rock etc. It is the perception of connections or patterns where none exist. This condition is also called as apophenia.
Why Pareidolia happens?
Experts say Pareidolia provides a psychological determination for many delusions that involve the senses. They believe it could be behind numerous sightings of Elvis, UFOs and the hearing of disturbing messages on records when they are played backwards.
Many times, the Pareidolia has religious overtones. A study reveals that this condition occurs mostly to the people who are religious and has a strong belief in the supernatural power. They are more likely to see the faces in the landscapes and the lifeless objects. Sometimes, artists use this phenomenon in his paintings.
3. Reverse Psychology:
Reverse Psychology is a way you can use to motivate someone to do something by telling him to do the exact opposite of it. For example: If you bet your friend that you won’t arrive at 8.00 A.M, it may motivate him to arrive at the exact time.
But this reverse psychology is a dangerous weapon because if the person you are dealing with realized that you are trying to manipulate him they may not trust you again. That’s why reverse psychology is used only on the person’s subconscious mind and not on his conscious mind.
Before using the reverse psychology you must know that, it won’t work on every persons. For example: Those who lack the self-confidence might actually take your defeating statements and limit their beliefs that makes them become even worse.
It should be used only on narcissists, stubborn people and those who have inflated egos.
4. The Three Dimensional Sight Phenomenon:
Take a look at the spinning girl. Which direction the girl is spinning? Whether clockwise or counterclockwise? While it may be very difficult to analyze, you can see her to switch the directions spontaneously.
First look the figure blink your eyes and then see the figure again; she may appear to change the directions immediately after you blink. Another strategy is to focus on a specific part of the figure.
The spinning girl is a form of the more general spinning silhouette illusion. The image is not actually “spinning” in one direction or the other. It is a 2-D image which is simply rotating to the back and forth.
But the human brain did not evolve to interpret 2-D images of the world but the actual three-dimensional world. So, our visual processing assumes we are looking at a 3-dimensional image and it used the clues to interpret as such. Or without the enough clues it may promptly decide the best fit – spinning clockwise or anticlockwise.
Once this fit is chosen, the illusion is complete-we see a 3-dimensional spinning image. By looking around the image, or watching some other parts like shadow in the image, you may force your visual system to reconstruct the image next time it may choose the opposite direction.
5. Halo Effect/Horn Effect:
One of the most powerful as well as harmful, mental models you will encounter in your life is known as the horns effect and halo effect.
What is horns effect and halo effect?
It is a cognitive bias that causes you to allow one trait either good (halo) or bad (horns), to overshadow other traits, actions, beliefs and behaviors.
For example: You are in a job interview, the first thing you say is “The weather is crap and I hate the long days” to your next possible employer, the person who is interviewing you will automatically consider that you are pessimist and probably he may not be hiring you.
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It is exactly opposite to Horn effect. If you come to the interview with a smile and say “Isn’t today an awesome day!”, the interviewer will have a good impression on you and he/she automatically assumes all your other personalities and features are bound to be positive and outgoing, and he/she will then most likely to hire you.
It is also called the “face blindness” which is an impairment in the recognition of faces. Sometimes, it is often accompanied by the other types of recognition impairments (car recognition, facial expression of emotion, place recognition etc.) though sometimes it appears to be restricted to the facial identity.
But they can use their other senses to recognize the people-such as a person’s perfume the shape or style of their hair, the sound of their voice etc. A classic case of this phenomenon was explained in the 1998 book (and later Opera by Michael Nyman) called “The man who mistook his wife for a hat”.
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