The tigers are the largest cat species on Earth and it is well-known for its power and strength. They can live in steamy hot jungles as well as icy cold forests. Mainly five different kinds of tigers are alive in the world today. These are called Bengal, Siberian, Indochinese, Sumatran and South China.
According to a poll result, conducted by the animal planet, the tigers are voted as the most favorite animal by 50,000 people from 73 countries. Sadly, in the past 100 years 93% of its historic range has been lost. The current global populations of the tigers are estimated between 3,062 to 3,948. It is very less when compared to the initial period of 20th century, during that time its population is nearly about 100,000.
Most of the species are becoming extinct due to lack of sufficient prey, loss of habitat and humans cruel activity. They lose their habitat due to deforestation and human occupation in their territories.
Three subspecies of tiger the Bali, Caspian and Javan tigers have all gone extinct in the past 70 years. The Bali tiger was purposefully hunted to extinction in Bali due to its cultural status as evil. The Javan tiger was hunted to extinction, although its numbers had been dwindling due to habitat loss to rubber and coffee plantations. The Caspian tiger went to extinct due to excessive hunting of both and also for its prey.
There is a widely spread misconception that the tigers are being killed for medicinal purposes, but actually they are made from many other sources than from the tiger’s parts. They are indeed used for exotic purposes more, than for their medicinal properties.
The tiger has many distinct characteristics and features when compared to other animals in the world and it makes them so special. We, humans have more responsibility to protect such peculiar animal from destruction. In this page, you are going to find out the top 6 unknown and interesting facts about tigers.
Unknown And Interesting Facts About Tigers
Fact-1: Tigers has Fierce and Fiery eyes:
Tigers have circular pupils, most of them have yellow eyes, only the white tigers usually have blue eyes.
Since the tigers are nocturnal, some of the subspecies are crepuscular. Nocturnal animals are those that hunt at night while Crepuscular are those that prefer hunting during the day time.
Most of the tigers would like to hunt during the day time rather than the night-time. During at night, its vision is almost 6 times better than human beings. They can also see in color.
When they are happy, they squint its eyes or even close them completely. When it loses its vision its hearing ability will decrease, so there will be more chance of being attacked by others. Due to that it expresses its happiness only when they are comfortable and safe.
The cubs are completely blind for the first week of their life.
Fact-2: Tiger has great Camouflage:
The stripes are one of the most important features which distinguish tigers from other cat species. It is unique for each tiger, like human fingerprints. No two tigers have the same pattern of stripes on their body.
Even the stripes are not just on their fur but it is also imprinted on their skin. Once you removed all the fur from its body you can still see its stripes on their skin.
The stripes act as camouflage to the tiger which prevents them from thick bushes and grasses when they are about to attack their prey.
Just above their foreheads it has a particular grouping of stripes that bear a striking resemblance to the Chinese character which means “King”.
Also Read: Top 6 Clever Animal Camouflage Pictures
Fact-3: Every tiger has own territory:
Tigers are highly territorial animals that lead mainly solitary lives. Adults establish and maintain home ranges that may overlap with one another. The female tiger usually has a territory of 20 km2 while the male tigers usually cover 60-100 km2. No male or female tiger’s territory will overlap each other. They get irritated when a tiger of the same-sex crosses their territory and sometimes get into violent combats also.
In order to identify where their territories start and end, the tigers will scratch trees and spray their urine which usually smells like buttered popcorn. It can easily identify the age, gender and its reproductive capability and other conditions by the smell of its urine.
Fact-4: Hunting trick:
The tigers imitate the sounds of other animals to attract them and finally attack them for their prey once they fall into its trick.
Tigers love to bath and often play in the water when they are young. Since it is a good swimmer, it swims several kilometers to hunt or to cross the rivers.
The upper side of a tiger’s tongue has fleshy bristles that help them to wash themselves with their tongues and also to comb their fur. The Tigers saliva is antiseptic so, they lick their wounds to disinfect them.
Tigers do not normally view humans as prey, but it will attack if threatened. If the humans or other animals see them face to face the chance of being attacked is quite low, since it lost the element of surprise.
In some locations in India, people traditionally wear a mask on the back of their head while walking through the forests to prevent the tigers from pouncing from behind.
But this trick will not work always, they start to attack the humans too incase, it cannot hunt their targeted animals due to their lack of strength or being old.
A small number of tigers develop a taste for human flesh and become man-eaters. One such is the case of a Champawat tiger. It defended her cubs against the unwitting humans and subsequently began preying on humans subsequently. She alone is responsible for the death of 430 people and found to have lost of two of her canine teeth.
Fact-5: Memory power:
Generally, cats have a better memory than any other animal including humans. Its memory power is hundred times better than dogs and 12 times better than primates.
Tiger’s short-term memory alone lasts about 30 times longer than humans and their memories are made with stronger brain synapses, which mean they can remember more and cannot easily forget the things as we do.
It has a brain that weighs over 300g. It is the largest brain of all carnivores except the polar bear.
Also Read: Top 6 Most Dangerous Animals In The World
Fact-6: Liger and Tiglon:
Tigers not only mate with tigresses but also with other cat species in captivity. They also mate with lions to give birth to hybrids.
A male lion and a female tiger mate with each other and produce large hybrid which is called Liger which weighs around 1000lbs and reach a length of 11.5 feet. They are called the largest cat in the world.
While a male tiger and a female lion produce a smaller hybrid which is called Tiglon which weighs around 180 kilograms. A leopard and tiger also mate naturally and give birth to a hybrid which has stripes that break down into spots eventually along their lengths.
Do you know any other interesting facts about tigers? If you do, please share it with our readers using the comments section below.