Today coffee has become a popular drink taken at breakfasts and tea-parties (yes, I’m aware of the contradiction, truth is harsh)! Over the last couple of decades, the quality and variations of coffee has increased many folds giving us many options to choose for our favourite type.
Now, early morning coffee has a marvellous stimulating effect, so why not start your mornings with a hot cup of coffee. Here we bring you 6 exciting and most popular types of coffee for 6 days a week. For Sundays, drink tea for a change.
Cappuccino is the most common type of coffee and is served at almost every street corner cafe. It is an Italian coffee drink prepared with a combination of espresso, milk and steam-foamed milk, usually topped with a sprinkle of grated dark chocolate or powered unsweetened cocoa. The traditional cappuccino can be given a twist by creating a ‘latte art’ on it, which is nothing but a pattern on the surface cream.
A brief history: This drink has a long history of its evolution. It had it origin in a traditional Ottoman (of the Turkish Ottoman Empire) drink which, by the latter half of 17th century had reached to Britain. By 19th century Europe had fallen in love with the drink and had invented various devices for brewing at home and at public cafe.
It’s a strong black coffee made in specially designed espresso machines (read about it here – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Moriondo#First_Espresso_machine) by forcing steam through roasted dark coffee beans at high pressure. Flavour of a typical espresso is very concentrated and it’s thicker than other coffee made by other brewing methods. Moreover, espresso is the foundation of a variety of coffees including Cappuccino. Now the best way of taking an Espresso is with a little bit of sugar or you can even take it raw.
A brief history: The first Espresso coffee brewing machine was most likely made by an Italian named Angelo Moriondo. Later a number of improvements were made in the machine. In Italy, Espresso became popular owing to the rise of ‘espresso cafes’ that became a place where people come together to socialize while drinking Espresso. In the English-speaking world, espresso became popular in form of Cappuccino.
3. Caffe Americano
Another variant of Espresso, Americano is made by adding hot water to the Espresso. Evidently Americano is quiet strong and the strength varies according to the amount of Espresso or water added. Having it raw is the ideal way of drinking Caffe Americano but you can flavour it with a bit of milk or sugar.
A brief history: The word ‘Americano’ refers to America (obviously) and the term ‘Caffe Americano’ is Italian for ‘American coffee’. A popular belief about its origin is that in World War II, when the American G.I. s were in Italy they used to mix Espresso with hot water, probably to bring down its strong flavour or maybe because there wasn’t much coffee for everyone, or maybe both.
4. Caffe Latte
It’s made with Espresso added with steamed milk, ideally it’s a single shot of Espresso and three parts of steamed milk. Caffe Latte is often taken with a bit of sugar, some sponge cake or cookies.
A brief history: Caffe latte also known as cafellatte is an Italian phrase meaning ‘milked coffee.’ Going by what the Oxford dictionary says the term ‘caffe latte’ was first used in English by William Dean Howells in his essay ‘Italian Journeys’ in 1867. The name also has a number of spelling variations (caffé latté, café latte, and caffé lattè) in English and are often used with wrong accent or with a combinations of French and Italian terms. The Italians call it cafellatte while in Spanish it’s called cafe con leche, and where the Portuguese say cafe com leite, the French prefer to call it cafe au lait.
5. Turkish Coffee
An ‘Intangible Cultural Heritage’ of the Turks, Turkish Coffee is quiet a trendy drink in Eastern Europe, North Africa, Bali, the Balkans, the Caucasus and the Middle East. Preparing Turkish coffee is fairly easy. Simply boil roasted and finely grounded coffee beans in a pot and serve it after adding some sugar.
A brief history: The earliest evidence of its existence is found in Yemen in 15th Century. By the next century the drink had spread to Mecca and Cairo. And in the 1940s the first coffee-house was reportedly established in Constantinople. Sadly, today traditional Turkish Coffee drinking habits are diminishing with the advent of tea (locally grown) and instant coffee.
6. South Indian Filter Coffee
Also known as ‘Kaapi’ (result of mispronunciation of the word coffee) is made in a traditional Indian filter which basically consists of two-cylinder cups, one of which is pierced in the bottom through which the beverage pours down into another ‘tumbler’ cup. It is served with milk and sugar. Outside India, it’s called drip brew.
A brief history: Without any concrete evidence, the origin of Indian Filter Coffee is thing of a lore. The story goes that a certain Baba Budan – a Sufi saint – went to Mecca and discovered this pleasurable drink. He decided to grow coffee back at home and share it with others. So he smuggled a couple of coffee beans and planted them at the foot of a hill, now known as Baba Budan Hills. And from there on the craze for coffee in South India spread like mad.
If you have tasted all these six types of coffee, which one do you think tastes better? Let me know your thoughts by using the comments section below.