If you live in a messy overcrowded country like India, you’d do exactly what I just did – write a list of small less crowded countries. It’s alright if you don’t want to shift to a new country, but you can always plan for a holiday to any of the following destination.
1. Saint Kitts and Nevis
Headed by Elizabeth II, Saint Kitts and Nevis is very small two-island sovereign country located in the West Indies. Historically its significance lie in the fact that it was the first Caribbean island where the Europeans (namely the British and the French) came and settled. It is now known as “The Mother Colony of the West Indies“.
Back in 2000 the country had 42,696 inhabitants with 75.1% from African descent, 12.3% from Afro-European, 5.3% are mixed race East Indian and Afro-East Indian 5%, South Asian ethnic groups 3% and Other 3.3%. The country has high instance of immigration into the United States.
Liechtenstein is a constitutional monarchy located around central Europe. With an estimated population of 35,000, the microstate is divided into 11 municipalities. Bordered by Austria to the east and north & Switzerland to the west and south, the country is mostly mountainous making it a haven for some sports addicts.
Spread across an area of 160 square kilometres Liechtenstein has one of the lowest crime rates in the whole world. Most inhabitants speak German. Liechtenstein has the 2nd lowest unemployment record and has ranked 2nd among the richest country in the world (by measure of GDP per capita).
3. San Marino
San Marino has an estimated population of 32,000 covering an area of 61 square kilometres. It is said to be the only sovereign state and constitutional republic that has managed to survive till date. This microstate is governed by a series of six books known as the Leges Statutae Republicae Sancti Marini written in the late 16th century, therefore becoming the only country in the world that has the earliest written constitution still in effect.
Like Liechtenstein, San Marino too is one of the richest countries in the world (by measure of GDP per capita) with the lowest unemployment rates in Europe and no national debt at all. San Marino is also the only country in the world that has more vehicles than people.
Floating on the Pacific Ocean Tuvalu covers 26 square kilometres of area. It is also known as Ellice Islands and has a population of 10,837. Hailed as a colony at one point of time, Tuvalu was a part of British protectorate from 1892 to 1974. The country was first discovered by the Europeans in 1568. And by the mid-nineteenth century, various trading companies were actively pursuing trade and commerce.
Currently while the inhabitants are required to do a free and compulsory education, most streets and roads in Tuvalu remains unpaved. The country is one of the few countries that have no railroads.
Nauru, formerly known as Pleasant Island has 9,378 residents inhabiting over 21 square kilometres of land. After Vatican City, Nauru holds the position of the smallest state by population in the world. In the late 19th century Nauru was colonised by the German Empire and only recent – in 1968 – gained independence.
For a long time Nauru mined on its rich deposit of phosphate rock but once the phosphate reserve got exhausted, the economy witnessed a downfall and briefly the country became ‘a tax haven and illegal money laundering centre.’ Now, however, in exchange of setting the Nauru detention centre, the country is getting aids from the Australian Government.
Located in Western Europe, on the French Riviera, Monaco is regarded as both sovereign city-state and microstate. With a population of 36,371 within a land of 2.02 square kilometres, Monaco is 2nd smallest and the most densely populated country in the whole world. Like Liechtenstein, Monaco is also a constitutional monarchy with French as its official language. The country is a favoured tourist destination with its splendid scenery, mild climate and gambling facilities.
Have you visited in any of these very small countries in the world? Or would you like to one day? Share your thoughts with us in the comment section below.