The world owes a lot to the great man named Leonardo Da Vinci. Here we bring to only 6 of the greatest inventions Da Vinci had conceived hundreds of years before they were actually invented by the modern man.
We all know that parachute was invented by Sebastien Lenormand in the year 1783. But the truth is the diabolically ingenious Leonardo Da Vinci was the first one to conceive the idea of men floating down the sky held with a gigantic piece of cloth spread like a wing hundreds of years before Lenormand was even born. In his notebooks he had made diagrams and had scribbled descriptions – “If a man have a tent made of linen of which the apertures (openings) have all been stopped up, and it be twelve braccia (about 23 feet) across and twelve in-depth, he will be able to throw himself down from any great height without suffering any injury.”
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Leonardo’s robots are also called Leonardo’s mechanical knight. Leonardo had designed these humanoid automatons in the year 1459. His robot knights were self-operated who could stand, sit, manoeuvre their arms independently and raise its visor. The robotic system was operated by a series of pulleys and cables. Following the discovery of Leonardo’s sketchbook his idea of a robot knight was put to test; a robot was built faithfully based on his design which turned out to be fully functional. Just like Leonardo had planned.
4. MACHINE GUN
Leonardo Da Vinci designed an innovative 12-barreled gun carriage in an ambitious attempt to increase the fire power of common cannon. This mega machine had two advantages when compared to traditional cannon – mobility and widened field of fire. Its large wheels and lightweight made it an excellent weapon on field. And not just that its design, the fan like structure widened the field of fire at the approaching enemy. At the time, this machine was an army’s ‘dream come true’ weapon.
3. SCUBA GEAR
The idea of a gear for underwater struck him while working in Venice (universally hailed as the ‘water city’) in 1500. His motive was to design something that’ll successfully allow soldiers to sneak attack enemy ships from below. The suit consisted of a jacket, pant and a bag-like mask that went over the head of the diver. The mask would have in-built goggles too. Around the nose area two tubes would be attached that supplied air from the surface. Leonardo’s design is strikingly similar to the early prototypes of the modern diving suit but one must remember that the Leonardo’s suit predates the modern suit for hundreds of years.
Leonardo designed the machine in the year 1487 when he was under patronage of Ludovico Sforza. His design is considered a prototype of modern tanks. The cover of the armoured vehicle was inspired by turtle shell and was made of wood and reinforced with metal plates that added to thickness. The machine was fitted with two light weighted cannon and was powered by two large inside cranks operated by four strong men. Owing to the huge size of the tank, the vehicle mainly served the purpose of intimidating the enemy rather than actually using it. It was difficult to move the tank from one place to the other. Never-the-less Leonardo’s tank paved way for future tank engineering.
1. SELF-PROPELLED CART
Toady self-propelled cart is considered an ancestor to the modern automobile. The machine was basically powered by the two coiled springs and is capable of moving without being pushed or pulled. Believe it or not it had also got steering and brake. Pressing the brake made the cart halt and when the brake was released the cart starts moving forward. As for the steering they were programmed to go either straight or at pre-set angles. Today a replica of the self-propelled cart is found at the museum Clos Lucé, near Château d’Amboise, in France.